Psoriasis is basically a chronic skin condition that occurs when skin cells start growing at a rapid pace and cause thick silver, white or red patches to appear on the surface of the skin. In normal conditions new skin cells usually grow gradually and flake off within three to four weeks. But in psoriasis, the new skin cells move quickly to the surface of the skin within a few days rather than weeks. This causes thick patches called plaques to be formed on the surface of the skin. These patches which can be either small or large sized usually appear on the elbows, knees, hands, feet, scalp or lower back. Although adults are more commonly affected by this chronic skin condition, psoriasis can also be prevalent in children and teenagers too. The fact there are numerous treatments for psoriasis, opting for the right psoriasis treatment is essential to help you treat this skin condition successfully.
Psoriasis can generally be caused due to numerous factors. According to some experts, psoriasis occurs due to overreaction of the immune system which in turn leads to inflammation and flaking of skin. However, since psoriasis can also be caused due to hereditary factors, researchers are studying families that are affected by this skin condition to find out why this skin condition occurs and how it is passed to children due to hereditary factors.
Treating psoriasis promptly can play a vital role in helping you ease the symptoms of psoriasis to a great extent. People suffering from this skin condition often notice this skin condition flare up due to dry or cold climate, stress, infections or dry skin. In addition, taking certain medications prescribed to treat high blood pressure, mental illness or taking certain non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs can sometimes trigger an outbreak of psoriasis and make your skin condition even worse. Apart from this, smoking especially in women, can also lead to psoriasis or make it worse if you are already suffering from this skin condition. However, it should be noted that psoriasis is not contagious and thus cannot be spread from one person to the other by touch.The symptoms of psoriasis usually appear on the skin surface according to the severity of the skin condition. Thus, if you are suffering from mild psoriasis, there will be rashes on small areas of your skin. In moderate psoriasis conditions, your skin will get inflamed and be covered by silvery, loose scaly skin. But during the severe psoriasis conditions, your skin will become tender and itchy and large patches will be formed. These large patches can slowly unite together and cover large skin area such as your entire back.
Some people who often neglect taking a suitable treatment for psoriasis on time often stand a risk of suffering from psoriatic arthritis. In this type of psoriasis, the joints of an individual often become tender, swollen and painful. In addition, psoriatic arthritis can also affect your finger nails and toenails and cause the nails to change their color or remove them from their nail bed. Although symptoms of psoriatic arthritis often disappear sometimes even without a psoriasis treatment, they tend to return and can you great pain.
A doctor treating psoriasis usually diagnosis this skin condition by taking a look at the patches formed on your skin, nails or scalp. Although special tests are not required to diagnose this skin condition, the medical expert may sometimes recommended you to take a skin KOH test to rule out the presence of any fungal infection.
There are various treatments for psoriasis that can help clear psoriasis patches. A treatment for psoriasis usually begins by applying a topical medication or a combination of medication over the affected area. Mild psoriasis is generally controlled by using over the counter medications. In addition, various medicated skin creams are gently rubbed on the affected area to help soften and gradually remove psoriasis rusts and scales. However, taking great care during the application is vital to avoid any skin irritations. Combing creams and ointments with ultraviolet light such as ultraviolet A or B or even sunlight for a psoriasis treatment is called photo therapy. This type treatment for psoriasis can be highly beneficial for treating moderate psoriasis.For a moderate to severe treatment of psoriasis, a doctor usually prescribes topical medication such as corticosteroid or calcipotriene or anthralin and tars to help you get some relief from psoriasis. Occlusion therapy is one of those treatments for psoriasis that requires medicated creams, moisturizers or gels to be applied to the skin. In this therapy, wrapping the affected area after the cream or gel is applied helps keep the area stay moist, thereby allowing the medicated creams to deliver better results. Steroid creams can also be used for this psoriasis treatment. However, it should be noted that although using a steroid cream works best for small area, it should be discontinued if you are using it for a longer period of time.
Oral medications such as retinoid, methotrexate, and cyclosporine are used to treat moderate to severe psoriasis. However, it is only in rare cases that a medicine is required to be injected directly into a psoriasis sore or patch.
Although both nail and scalp psoriasis are difficult to be treat, taking oral medications regularly can help improve the skin condition to a great extent. However, for treating scalp psoriasis tar shampoos or zinc and selenium shampoos are often recommended.
The fact that taking topical medication for a psoriasis treatment for a longer period of time can often cause side effects, visiting your doctor regularly for frequent check up will help keep a check on the side effects and help you treat this skin condition in a successful manner.
Treatments for Psoriasis Resources: